What is PreDiabetes?
Prediabetes is when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not enough to be considered diabetes. Many people call it impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance. It is also called Borderline Diabetes.
Whose blood sugar is higher than the blood sugar of healthy people, However, the blood plasma of a diabetic patient is lower than that of sugar, which is called impaired glucose tolerance [IGT, blood sugar (PP) 140 to 200 mg%]. And even after 8 hours of fasting, sugar levels may remain above normal, called impaired fasting glucose [IFG, blood sugar (F) 110 to 126 mg %].
It is a disease that occurs when your body does not make or use insulin properly. It makes a lot of glucose in the blood. The presence of too much glucose in your blood can be extremely harmful over time. Prediabetes is a warning message to type 2 diabetes. The most needed here are diet control and lifestyle changes.
If you don’t follow the doctor’s advice from this time, diabetes will increase. Inadequate intake of hereditary genes, beta-cell disease, insulin dysfunction, the inability of the body to lower glucose (IGT), ineffective insulin in the body, etc; All of this leads to the loss of beta cells. It is converted into type 2 diabetes. Thus it takes 10 to 15 years for diabetes to reach normal. They have to follow the same rules as diabetics. One-third of IGT or IFG patients later develop diabetes.
In 2005, the amount of IGTs within the world was 31 crore 14 lakhs which can increase to 50 crores in 2025. In the next decade, 50% of the world’s diabetics will be in Asia.
Between 2003 and 2011, 35.3% of the adult population in England, especially 1 in 3 people, had pre-diabetes. In other words, the prevalence of pre-diabetes is 3 times higher here. About 74 million people over the age of 20 in the United States People have prediabetes. But 90% of people don’t know it.
What are the features of prediabetes?
There are usually no symptoms of pre-diabetes.
However, the possible features of pre-diabetes are – black spots appear on some parts of the body. Such as neck, armpits, elbows, knees, end knuckles.
In addition, male genital problems such as Erectile Dysfunction (ED) and decreased sexual drive.
1. More thirsty than usual.
- Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
- Being much more tired than usual
- Delayed healing of wounds or small cuts
- More hunger
Diagnosis of prediabetes:
In the morning, if the amount of sugar in the plasma is 5.6-6.9 ml per liter or 75 grams of glucose two hours after eating, the amount of sugar in the blood is considered to be 7.8-11 ml per liter.
How can prediabetes be prevented?
Diabetes can be prevented in the future by following certain rules in the prediabetic state. Eat moderate amounts of sugars and fats. It is best to follow a planned diet for diabetic patients. Determine your diet according to your body weight and type of physical activity. In this case, it is necessary to take the advice of a nutritionist. The nutritionist will tell you how many calories you should eat daily. Follow the calorie-rich food list. You used to take extra calories your body needs. Now your food will be planned and healthy.
From now on you have to exercise regularly. You can exercise at any time of the day at your convenience. But not that you have to exercise every day. However, it is better to exercise at least 3 days a week. Better a poor horse than no horse at all. 30-40 minutes each time is enough. You walk. If you have the opportunity to swim. Cycling is a good exercise. Those who are too busy, unable to set aside time, will walk around the office every day. People with prediabetes can thus stay well through planned diet control and exercise.