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The neurological complications in diabetic patients

The neurological complications in diabetic patients

 

 

 

What are the neurological complications in diabetic patients?

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The neurological complications in diabetic patients

The neurological complications in diabetic patients are a disease that causes a variety of nerve damage in the patient’s body due to long-term diabetes. This can lead to loss of nerve sensitivity or hypersensitivity. It is also called diabetic neuropathy.

 

Our body structure: first brain, second spinal cord, and third nerve

 

What is a nerve?

A nerve is a bundle or structure that looks like a wire inside a body that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensitive and motors to coordinate its actions and sensitive information. That is, it relays various information (emotions/feelings) from one part of the body to another.

 

How many types of nerves?

There are three types of nerves in our body. Namely- pea, sensory, and autonomic nerves

  1. Pea nerve :
    The motor nerves move our limbs and cause glandular secretions. Namely- hands, feet, fingers, etc.

  2. Sensory nerve :
    The sensory nerves maintain sensory activity in the body, such as emotions, feelings, pains, and sorrows. For that, excitement and stimulation, etc. are created in our body.

  3. Autonomic nerve :
    The autonomic nerve controls the involuntary functions of the body. For example, urination, bowel movements, and sweating awaken the feeling of need. It also helps to control them.

If you have diabetes for a long time, it can cause damage to various organs of the body. Elevated blood sugar causes rapid nerve problems. If there is a problem with the nerves then our normal life goes after the problem.

 

What are the problems in the body when the nerve is damaged?

If nerve damage-
1. The digestive system, heart, urinary tract, genitals, eyes, and sweat glands are affected.
2. Different symptoms appear on the hands, feet, and feet. E.g.-

  •  Burning hands and feet
  • Tingling, tingling, or tingling
  • To hurt
  • Feeling the futility of feet and legs etc.
  1. Excessive sensitivity or numbness in the hands and feet.
  2. Inability to feel hot and sticky
  3. Muscle biting and dryness
  4. Muscle decay
  5. Body aches
  6. Feeling weak all the time
  7. Legs-
  • Feeling dry
  • Rupture
  • Suffering from long-term unbearable pain
  • Feeling the fire burning under your feet
  • When you put your feet on the frozen ice, it feels as if you are freezing in the cold.
  • Feeling hot when you touch the soles of the feet.
  • When it is placed on the ground, it feels like an electric shock.
  • Extreme pressure is felt on all four sides of the foot.
  • There is a tingling sensation under the soles of the feet. It looks like an ant walking underfoot.
  1. Acute pain is felt when the feet are exposed to harmful or pain-stimulating substances.
  2. Severe pain is felt even when wearing shoes or touching the soles of the feet.
  3. When there is pain due to diabetic neuropathy, there is a pain in both legs. The intensity of the pain is equal in both legs.
  4. The intensity of the pain increases at night.
  5. When the heart is affected, the heart rate is higher. Stress is different when lying down or standing. So some time should be spent before getting up from sitting position.
  6. Infections of the digestive system or intestines-
  • It is difficult to swallow.
  • There is nausea or vomiting.
  • Feeling full.
  • Constipation can occur if the intestinal nerves are affected.
  1. In case of urinary tract infection-
  • Some urine may still accumulate in the bladder after urination.
  • After urination stops, some urine drips.
  • Frequent urinary tract infections can occur.
  • There may be ejaculation in the bladder.
  • Sexual dysfunction may occur.

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